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Gross capital formation in Africa

Capital formation of Africa, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 capital formation of Africa in current prices grew by 500.1 billion US dollars (in 21.6 times) to 524.4 billion US dollars; change occurred by 54.5 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 819.3 million, as well as by 445.6 billion US dollars by increasing of capital formation per capita by 376.3 US dollars. The average annual growth of capital formation of Africa was 11.1 billion US dollars or 7.1%. The average annual growth of capital formation of Africa in constant prices was 3.6%. Share in the world grew by 0.13%. Minimal capital formation was in 1970 (24.3 billion US dollars). Maximal capital formation was in 2014 (586.4 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 capital formation per capita in Africa increased by 376.3 US dollars (in 6.7 times) to 442.8 US dollars. The average annual growth of capital formation per capita in current prices was 8.4 US dollars or 4.3%.

Change of capital formation of Africa described by linear regression model: y=9.6x-18 999.5, where y - estimated value of capital formation of Africa, x - year. Correlation rate = 0.808. Determination rate = 0.652.

Capital formation of Africa, 1970

Capital formation of Africa in 1970 was equal to 24.3 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world capital formation was 2.6%.

Capital formation per capita in Africa in 1970 was worth 66.5 US dollars. Capital formation per capita in Africa was less than capital formation per capita in the World (250.8 US dollars) by 184.4 US dollars.

Capital formation of Africa in 1970 consisted of capital formation of Nigeria (26.3%), capital formation of South Africa (21.8%), capital formation of Algeria (7%), capital formation of D.R. of the Congo (5.1%), capital formation of Egypt (4.7%), and others (35.1%).

Capital formation of Africa, 2015

Capital formation of Africa in 2015 was worth 524.4 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world capital formation was 2.8%.

Capital formation per capita in Africa in 2015 was worth 442.8 US dollars. Capital formation per capita in Africa was less than capital formation per capita in the World (2 585.6 US dollars) by 2 142.8 US dollars.

Capital formation of Africa in 2015 consisted of capital formation of Algeria (16.1%), capital formation of Nigeria (14.6%), capital formation of South Africa (12.4%), capital formation of Egypt (8.7%), capital formation of Morocco (6.5%), and others (41.7%).

Size of capital formation in Africa

Gross capital formation in Africa, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices24.3148.6111.5115.5469.1524.4
constant prices197024.345.932.842.294.1117.5
200593.0176.2125.8161.7360.7450.5
Picture. Africa: capital formation Picture. Capital formation: share of Africa in the world

Growth of capital formation in Africa

Picture. Africa: capital formation, growth Picture. Africa: capital formation, growth

capital formation per capita in Africa

Picture. Africa: capital formation per capita Picture. Africa: capital formation per capita

Rating of capital formation in Africa

Rating of capital formation in Africa, 2015
#Areabln. US dollars%
Africa524.4100
subregions
1Northern Africa202.738.7
2Western Africa112.421.4
3Eastern Africa83.916.0
4Southern Africa74.914.3
5Middle Africa50.49.6
countries
1 Algeria84.316.1
2 Nigeria76.614.6
3 South Africa65.212.4
4 Egypt45.48.7
5 Morocco34.16.5
6 Ethiopia23.54.5
7 Angola19.43.7
8 Sudan16.43.1
9 Kenya13.42.6
10 Libya13.02.5
11 Tanzania12.72.4
12 Tunisia9.61.8
13 Zambia9.11.7
14 Ghana9.11.7
15 D.R. of the Congo7.41.4
16 Equatorial Guinea7.31.4
17 Côte d'Ivoire6.51.2
18 Uganda6.31.2
19 Mozambique6.31.2
20 Cameroon5.81.1
21 Botswana4.50.85
22 Congo4.10.79
23 Gabon4.00.77
24 Namibia3.90.75
25 Burkina Faso3.60.69
26 Senegal3.40.65
27 Niger2.80.53
28 Mauritius2.40.47
29 Mali2.30.43
30 Benin2.30.43
31 Rwanda2.10.41
32 Mauritania2.10.40
33 Chad1.90.36
34 Zimbabwe1.80.35
35 Madagascar1.60.31
36 South Sudan1.30.24
37 Guinea1.00.19
38 Togo1.00.19
39 Malawi0.820.16
40 Djibouti0.730.14
41 Lesotho0.660.13
42 Swaziland0.620.12
43 Sierra Leone0.540.10
44 Cabo Verde0.530.10
45 Seychelles0.460.088
46 Liberia0.410.078
47 Eritrea0.360.069
48 Burundi0.290.055
49 Somalia0.270.051
50 Central African Republic0.240.045
51 Gambia0.200.038
52 Guinea-Bissau0.120.023
53 Sao Tome and Principe0.110.021
54 Comoros0.0430.0081
Picture. Africa: structure of capital formation by subregions, 2015, % Picture. Africa: structure of capital formation by leaders, 2015, %

© Ivan Kushnir

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