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Gross capital formation in Ethiopia

Capital formation of Ethiopia, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 capital formation of Ethiopia in current prices increased by 23.2 billion US dollars (in 80.1 times) to 23.5 billion US dollars; change occurred by 0.68 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 69.3 million, as well as by 22.6 billion US dollars by increasing of capital formation per capita by 227.2 US dollars. The average annual growth of capital formation of Ethiopia was 0.52 billion US dollars or 10.2%. The average annual growth of capital formation of Ethiopia in constant prices was 8.3%. Share in the world rose by 0.092%. Share in Africa increased by 3.3%. Minimal capital formation was in 1970 (0.29 billion US dollars). Maximal capital formation was in 2015 (23.5 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 capital formation per capita in Ethiopia grew by 227.2 US dollars (in 24.3 times) to 236.9 US dollars. The average annual growth of capital formation per capita in current prices was 5.0 US dollars or 7.3%.

Capital formation of Ethiopia, 1970

Capital formation of Ethiopia in 1970 was worth 0.29 billion US dollars, ranked 82nd in the world and was on par with capital formation of Tunisia (0.31 bln. US dollars), capital formation of Panama (0.31 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world capital formation was 0.032%.

Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia in 1970 was 9.8 US dollars, ranked 173rd in the world and was on par with capital formation per capita in Cambodia (10.2 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Sudan (9.3 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Viet Nam (9.3 US dollars). Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than capital formation per capita in the World (250.8 US dollars) by 241.1 US dollars.

Comparison of capital formation in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 1970. Capital formation of Ethiopia was greater than capital formation of Sudan (0.1 billion US dollars), capital formation of Somalia (0.0 billion US dollars), capital formation of Djibouti (0.0 billion US dollars), but was less than capital formation of Kenya (0.5 billion US dollars). Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was greater than capital formation per capita in Sudan (9.3 US dollars), but was less than capital formation per capita in Kenya (41.4 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Djibouti (40.6 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Somalia (14.0 US dollars).

Comparison of capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders in 1970. Capital formation of Ethiopia was less than capital formation of the United States (229.8 billion US dollars) in 781.6 times, capital formation of Japan (86.5 billion US dollars) in 294.4 times, capital formation of Germany (69.8 billion US dollars) in 237.5 times, capital formation of China (31.0 billion US dollars) in 105.6 times, capital formation of India (12.2 billion US dollars) in 41.5 times. Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than capital formation per capita in the United States (1 097.0 US dollars) in 112.3 times, capital formation per capita in Germany (891.0 US dollars) in 91.2 times, capital formation per capita in Japan (834.7 US dollars) in 85.5 times, capital formation per capita in China (38.4 US dollars) in 3.9 times, capital formation per capita in India (22.1 US dollars) in 2.3 times.

Potential capital formation of Ethiopia in 1970. With capital formation per capita at the level of the United States (1 097.0 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 33.0 billion US dollars, it is in 112.3 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of the World (250.8 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 7.6 billion US dollars, it is in 25.7 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of Africa (66.5 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 2.0 billion US dollars, it is in 6.8 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of Kenya (41.4 US dollars), as the best neighbor, capital formation of Ethiopia would be 1.2 billion US dollars, it is in 4.2 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (30.9 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 0.93 billion US dollars, it is in 3.2 times more than the actual level.

Capital formation of Ethiopia, 2015

Capital formation of Ethiopia in 2015 was equal to 23.5 billion US dollars, ranked 63rd in the world and was on par with capital formation of Oman (25.1 bln. US dollars), capital formation of Panama (25.0 bln. US dollars), capital formation of Sri Lanka (24.7 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world capital formation was 0.12%.

Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia in 2015 was worth 236.9 US dollars, ranked 180th in the world and was on par with capital formation per capita in Haiti (252.7 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Cameroon (250.1 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Tanzania (244.5 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Cambodia (234.0 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Papua New Guinea (227.7 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Senegal (226.5 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Mozambique (223.5 US dollars). Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than capital formation per capita in the World (2 585.6 US dollars) by 2 348.7 US dollars.

Comparison of capital formation in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 2015. Capital formation of Ethiopia was greater than capital formation of Sudan (16.4 billion US dollars), capital formation of Kenya (13.4 billion US dollars), capital formation of Djibouti (0.7 billion US dollars), capital formation of Eritrea (0.4 billion US dollars), capital formation of Somalia (0.3 billion US dollars). Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was greater than capital formation per capita in Eritrea (69.7 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Somalia (24.8 US dollars), but was less than capital formation per capita in Djibouti (818.1 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Sudan (407.8 US dollars), capital formation per capita in Kenya (292.0 US dollars).

Comparison of capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders in 2015. Capital formation of Ethiopia was less than capital formation of China (5 027.2 billion US dollars) in 213.6 times, capital formation of the United States (3 670.0 billion US dollars) in 155.9 times, capital formation of Japan (1 047.9 billion US dollars) in 44.5 times, capital formation of India (685.0 billion US dollars) in 29.1 times, capital formation of Germany (647.3 billion US dollars) in 27.5 times. Capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than capital formation per capita in the United States (11 405.6 US dollars) in 48.1 times, capital formation per capita in Japan (8 279.1 US dollars) in 34.9 times, capital formation per capita in Germany (8 021.7 US dollars) in 33.9 times, capital formation per capita in China (3 653.4 US dollars) in 15.4 times, capital formation per capita in India (522.4 US dollars) in 2.2 times.

Potential capital formation of Ethiopia in 2015. With capital formation per capita at the level of the United States (11 405.6 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 1 133.3 billion US dollars, it is in 48.1 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of the World (2 585.6 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 256.9 billion US dollars, it is in 10.9 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of Djibouti (818.1 US dollars), as the best neighbor, capital formation of Ethiopia would be 81.3 billion US dollars, it is in 3.5 times more than the actual level. With capital formation per capita at the level of Africa (442.8 US dollars), capital formation of Ethiopia would be 44.0 billion US dollars, it is by 86.9% more than the actual level.

Size of capital formation in Ethiopia

Gross capital formation in Ethiopia, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices0.290.591.41.87.123.5
constant prices19700.290.330.490.813.210.6
20050.690.791.21.97.624.9
Picture. Ethiopia: capital formation

capital formation in Ethiopia and its neighbors, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
Ethiopia0.290.591.41.87.123.5
Sudan0.131.52.01.515.116.4
Kenya0.472.42.42.68.313.4
Djibouti0.00650.0430.120.0680.230.73
Eritrea0.160.200.36
Somalia0.0480.0520.230.420.210.27

capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
China31.0108.3137.0417.12 904.75 027.2
United States229.8666.11 283.82 424.02 752.63 670.0
Japan86.5371.81 074.51 334.61 214.01 047.9
India12.244.995.8119.2655.8685.0
Germany69.8255.7435.1466.5670.6647.3
Ethiopia0.290.591.41.87.123.5

Growth of capital formation in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: capital formation, growth Picture. Ethiopia: capital formation, growth

capital formation per capita in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: capital formation per capita Picture. Ethiopia: capital formation per capita

capital formation per capita in Ethiopia and its neighbors, $
Country197019801990200020102015
Djibouti40.6121.1210.993.7278.4818.1
Sudan9.376.978.943.5326.9407.8
Kenya41.4149.7101.184.9205.7292.0
Ethiopia9.815.828.126.981.0236.9
Eritrea44.041.969.7
Somalia14.08.637.156.922.324.8

capital formation per capita in Ethiopia and leaders, $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States1 097.02 901.35 077.48 568.58 882.911 405.6
Japan834.73 207.78 789.710 616.59 534.98 279.1
Germany891.03 271.85 510.25 696.18 337.58 021.7
China38.4110.7118.6328.52 166.23 653.4
India22.164.4110.1113.3532.8522.4
Ethiopia9.815.828.126.981.0236.9

© Ivan Kushnir

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