IvanStat

Construction

Construction in the world regions

Construction in the world regions, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa6.135.024.526.496.3129.6
Americas69.4212.6355.8622.8984.11 184.3
Asia28.7182.3438.2580.71 251.11 684.9
Europe106.8361.1556.2497.81 033.7932.2
Oceania4.115.224.124.2106.3111.1
World215.0806.31 398.81 751.93 471.64 042.1

Construction in the world regions, % in the world construction
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa2.84.31.71.52.83.2
Americas32.226.425.435.628.329.3
Asia13.322.631.333.136.041.7
Europe49.744.839.828.429.823.1
Oceania1.91.91.71.43.12.7
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

Construction per capita in the world regions, $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa16.673.438.832.592.4109.4
Americas133.7343.8489.7741.91 043.81 195.1
Asia13.871.0136.8156.4300.1383.5
Europe151.8481.2771.7683.81 402.31 259.1
Oceania210.8664.7901.4785.72 943.72 847.3
World58.4181.8263.6286.0501.1550.1
Picture. Structure of construction by the world regions, 2015, %

Construction per capita

Average rates of construction per capita in the world, $
average197019801990200020102015
average of above-average169.6526.61 113.31 254.51 503.31 597.5
average58.4181.8263.6286.0501.1550.1
average of below-average9.129.761.650.3179.7254.1
Picture. Construction per capita in the world

Kushnir's square in construction

Kushnir's square (construction, 2015)size (share in the world construction)Total
< 0.1%0.1-1%1-10%10+%
Small economiesAverages economiesRegional leadersGlobal leaders
quality (construction per capita, times global average)2.9+High developed 47.4%
1-2.9Developed  16.4%
0.46-1Developing 27.2%
< 0.46Least developed  8.7%
Total2.7%20.0%40.4%36.6%100%

Construction in top 5 countries

Construction in top 5 countries, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
China3.413.118.066.8402.6747.4
United States51.8130.8250.5462.3541.6732.1
Japan15.497.2297.2348.3309.4257.6
India2.88.417.727.9140.9158.5
United Kingdom8.436.171.887.0124.8155.7
World215.0806.31 398.81 751.93 471.64 042.1

Construction in top 5 countries, % in the world construction
Area197019801990200020102015
China1.61.61.33.811.618.5
United States24.116.217.926.415.618.1
Japan7.112.121.219.98.96.4
India1.31.01.31.64.13.9
United Kingdom3.94.55.15.03.63.9
Others61.964.653.243.456.249.2
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

Construction per capita in top 5 countries, $
Area197019801990200020102015
China4.213.415.652.7300.3543.2
United States247.5569.7990.91 634.21 747.82 275.2
Japan148.2838.42 431.12 770.42 429.92 035.5
India5.112.120.426.5114.5120.9
United Kingdom150.7642.21 257.91 477.31 989.32 406.5
World58.4181.8263.6286.0501.1550.1
Picture. Structure of construction by top 5 countries, 2015, %

Methodology of construction

F - Construction

This division includes general construction and special trade construction for buildings and civil engineering, building installation and building completion. It includes new work, repair, additions and alterations, the erection of prefabricated buildings or structures on the site and also construction of a temporary nature.

General construction is the construction of entire dwellings, office buildings, stores and other public and utility buildings, farm buildings etc., or the construction of heavy constructions such as motorways, streets, bridges, tunnels, railways, airfields, harbours and other water projects, irrigation systems, sewerage systems, industrial facilities, pipelines and electric lines, sports facilities etc. This work can be carried out on own account or on a fee or contract basis. Portions of the work and sometimes even the whole practical work can be subcontracted out to trade contractors.

Special trade construction includes the construction of parts of buildings and civil engineering works or preparation therefor. It is usually specialized in one aspect common to different structures, requiring specialized skills or equipment. Activities such as pile-driving, foundation work, water well drilling, carcass work, concrete work, bricklaying, stone setting, scaffolding, roof covering etc., are covered. The erection of steel structures is included provided that the parts are not produced by the same unit. Special trade construction is carried out mostly under subcontract, but in repair construction especially it is done directly for the owner of the property.

Building installation activities include the installation of all kind of utilities that make the construction function as such. These activities are usually performed at the site of the construction, although parts of the job may be carried out in a special shop. Included are activities such as plumbing, installation of heating and air-conditioning systems, antennas, alarm systems and other electrical work, sprinkler systems, elevators and escalators etc. Also included are insulation work (water, heat, sound), sheet metal work, commercial refrigerating work, the installation of illumination and signalling systems for roads, railways, airports, harbours etc. Also included is repair of the same type as the above-mentioned installation activities.

Building completion encompasses activities that contribute to the completion or finishing of a construction such as glazing, plastering, painting and decorating, floor and wall tiling or covering with other materials like parquet, carpets, wallpaper etc., floor sanding, finish carpentry, acoustical work, cleaning of the exterior etc. Also included is repair of the same type as the above-mentioned activities.

Source: International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities. ISIC Rev. 3.1