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Gross fixed capital formation in Ethiopia

Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in current prices grew by 23.2 billion US dollars (in 80.0 times) to 23.5 billion US dollars; change occurred by 0.68 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 69.3 million, as well as by 22.6 billion US dollars by increasing of fixed capital formation per capita by 227.1 US dollars. The average annual growth of fixed capital formation of Ethiopia was 0.52 billion US dollars or 10.2%. The average annual growth of fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in constant prices was 8.3%. Share in the world rose by 0.093%. Share in Africa increased by 3.4%. Minimal fixed capital formation was in 1970 (0.29 billion US dollars). Maximal fixed capital formation was in 2015 (23.5 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia grew by 227.1 US dollars (in 24.3 times) to 236.9 US dollars. The average annual growth of fixed capital formation per capita in current prices was 5.0 US dollars or 7.3%.

Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia, 1970

Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in 1970 was 0.29 billion US dollars, ranked 77th in the world and was on par with fixed capital formation of Luxembourg (0.31 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Tunisia (0.31 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Myanmar (0.31 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Côte d'Ivoire (0.30 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Dominican Republic (0.29 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Lebanon (0.29 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world fixed capital formation was 0.034%.

Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia in 1970 was 9.8 US dollars, ranked 172nd in the world and was on par with fixed capital formation per capita in Cambodia (10.2 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Zimbabwe (9.9 US dollars). Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation per capita in the World (237.8 US dollars) by 228.0 US dollars.

Comparison of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 1970. Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia was greater than fixed capital formation of Sudan (0.1 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Somalia (0.0 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Djibouti (0.0 billion US dollars), but was less than fixed capital formation of Kenya (0.4 billion US dollars). Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was greater than fixed capital formation per capita in Somalia (9.0 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Sudan (8.1 US dollars), but was less than fixed capital formation per capita in Djibouti (40.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Kenya (35.5 US dollars).

Comparison of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders in 1970. Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation of the United States (227.8 billion US dollars) in 774.8 times, fixed capital formation of Japan (78.5 billion US dollars) in 266.9 times, fixed capital formation of Germany (63.0 billion US dollars) in 214.4 times, fixed capital formation of China (23.0 billion US dollars) in 78.1 times, fixed capital formation of India (10.1 billion US dollars) in 34.2 times. Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation per capita in the United States (1 087.4 US dollars) in 111.3 times, fixed capital formation per capita in Germany (804.5 US dollars) in 82.4 times, fixed capital formation per capita in Japan (756.8 US dollars) in 77.5 times, fixed capital formation per capita in China (28.4 US dollars) in 2.9 times, fixed capital formation per capita in India (18.2 US dollars) by 86.5%.

Potential fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in 1970. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of the United States (1 087.4 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 32.7 billion US dollars, it is in 111.3 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of the World (237.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 7.2 billion US dollars, it is in 24.3 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of Africa (61.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 1.9 billion US dollars, it is in 6.3 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of Djibouti (40.8 US dollars), as the best neighbor, fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 1.2 billion US dollars, it is in 4.2 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (28.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 0.87 billion US dollars, it is in 2.9 times more than the actual level.

Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia, 2015

Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in 2015 was worth 23.5 billion US dollars, ranked 61st in the world and was on par with fixed capital formation of Oman (23.6 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Panama (23.1 bln. US dollars), fixed capital formation of Greece (22.5 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world fixed capital formation was 0.13%.

Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia in 2015 was 236.9 US dollars, ranked 179th in the world and was on par with fixed capital formation per capita in Cameroon (252.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Haiti (252.7 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Senegal (232.2 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Cambodia (221.4 US dollars). Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation per capita in the World (2 526.2 US dollars) by 2 289.4 US dollars.

Comparison of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 2015. Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia was greater than fixed capital formation of Sudan (16.4 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Kenya (13.6 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Djibouti (0.8 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Eritrea (0.4 billion US dollars), fixed capital formation of Somalia (0.3 billion US dollars). Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was greater than fixed capital formation per capita in Eritrea (69.7 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Somalia (24.7 US dollars), but was less than fixed capital formation per capita in Djibouti (896.5 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Sudan (407.8 US dollars), fixed capital formation per capita in Kenya (296.3 US dollars).

Comparison of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders in 2015. Fixed capital formation of Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation of China (4 848.8 billion US dollars) in 206.0 times, fixed capital formation of the United States (3 576.6 billion US dollars) in 152.0 times, fixed capital formation of Japan (1 026.9 billion US dollars) in 43.6 times, fixed capital formation of Germany (672.5 billion US dollars) in 28.6 times, fixed capital formation of India (648.4 billion US dollars) in 27.6 times. Fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia was less than fixed capital formation per capita in the United States (11 115.4 US dollars) in 46.9 times, fixed capital formation per capita in Germany (8 334.7 US dollars) in 35.2 times, fixed capital formation per capita in Japan (8 113.5 US dollars) in 34.3 times, fixed capital formation per capita in China (3 523.7 US dollars) in 14.9 times, fixed capital formation per capita in India (494.5 US dollars) in 2.1 times.

Potential fixed capital formation of Ethiopia in 2015. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of the United States (11 115.4 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 1 104.5 billion US dollars, it is in 46.9 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of the World (2 526.2 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 251.0 billion US dollars, it is in 10.7 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of Djibouti (896.5 US dollars), as the best neighbor, fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 89.1 billion US dollars, it is in 3.8 times more than the actual level. With fixed capital formation per capita at the level of Africa (424.9 US dollars), fixed capital formation of Ethiopia would be 42.2 billion US dollars, it is by 79.4% more than the actual level.

Size of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia

Gross fixed capital formation in Ethiopia, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices0.290.591.41.87.123.5
constant prices19700.290.330.490.813.210.5
20050.690.791.21.97.624.9
Picture. Ethiopia: fixed capital formation

fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and its neighbors, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
Ethiopia0.290.591.41.87.123.5
Sudan0.111.22.01.313.716.4
Kenya0.402.12.22.58.113.6
Djibouti0.00650.0390.120.0680.310.80
Eritrea0.160.200.36
Somalia0.0310.0560.230.420.210.27

fixed capital formation in Ethiopia and leaders, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
China23.089.896.9405.02 744.84 848.8
United States227.8672.41 269.32 369.52 691.13 576.6
Japan78.5362.71 049.01 338.41 215.81 026.9
Germany63.0246.1431.6448.9667.1672.5
India10.140.084.7114.8588.1648.4
Ethiopia0.290.591.41.87.123.5

Growth of fixed capital formation in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: fixed capital formation, growth Picture. Ethiopia: fixed capital formation, growth

fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: fixed capital formation per capita Picture. Ethiopia: fixed capital formation per capita

fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia and its neighbors, $
Country197019801990200020102015
Djibouti40.8108.6211.493.7372.4896.5
Sudan8.164.178.936.6297.8407.8
Kenya35.5127.293.079.9201.6296.3
Ethiopia9.815.828.126.981.0236.9
Eritrea44.041.969.7
Somalia9.09.236.256.722.324.7

fixed capital formation per capita in Ethiopia and leaders, $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States1 087.42 928.75 020.08 375.78 684.411 115.4
Germany804.53 149.05 466.15 481.78 294.28 334.7
Japan756.83 129.18 581.210 646.69 549.38 113.5
China28.491.883.9319.02 046.93 523.7
India18.257.397.3109.0477.8494.5
Ethiopia9.815.828.126.981.0236.9

© Ivan Kushnir

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