IvanStat

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

GDP in the world regions

GDP in the world regions, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa108.0556.8549.1650.01 941.52 281.9
Americas1 347.93 926.67 758.913 274.721 916.025 002.5
Asia507.42 504.45 554.19 437.620 771.426 518.4
Europe1 382.85 090.18 726.89 667.919 806.018 945.2
Oceania53.8205.4382.8479.21 476.21 448.5
World3 399.912 283.222 971.833 509.265 911.174 196.4

GDP in the world regions, % in the world GDP
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa3.24.52.41.92.93.1
Americas39.632.033.839.633.333.7
Asia14.920.424.228.231.535.7
Europe40.741.438.028.930.025.5
Oceania1.61.71.71.42.22.0
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

GDP per capita in the world regions, $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa296.01 167.0871.0800.01 862.01 927.0
Americas2 598.06 349.010 679.015 812.023 247.025 231.0
Asia245.0975.01 734.02 541.04 982.06 036.0
Europe1 965.06 782.012 108.013 280.026 867.025 590.0
Oceania2 751.09 007.014 319.015 573.040 863.037 107.0
World924.02 769.04 329.05 470.09 514.010 098.0
Picture. Structure of GDP by the world regions, 2015, %

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita

Average rates of GDP per capita in the world, $
average197019801990200020102015
average of above-average2 746.68 292.920 079.424 977.631 030.938 062.6
average924.02 769.04 329.05 470.09 514.010 098.0
average of below-average212.9619.71 063.51 065.62 870.24 227.2
Picture. GDP per capita in the world

Kushnir's square in GDP

Kushnir's square (GDP, 2015)size (share in the world GDP)Total
< 0.1%0.1-1%1-10%10+%
Small economiesAverages economiesRegional leadersGlobal leaders
quality (GDP per capita, times global average)3.8+High developed 43.7%
1-3.8Developed  21%
0.42-1Developing 25.8%
< 0.42Least developed  8.7%
Total3.3%18.7%38.0%39.3%100%

GDP in top 5 countries

GDP in top 5 countries, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
United States1 075.92 862.55 979.610 284.814 964.418 036.6
China89.6305.3398.61 214.96 066.411 158.5
Japan211.51 099.73 140.04 887.55 700.14 383.1
Germany215.0946.71 764.91 950.03 417.13 363.6
United Kingdom130.7565.01 093.21 635.42 429.72 858.0
World3 399.912 283.222 971.833 509.265 911.174 196.4

GDP in top 5 countries, % in the world GDP
Area197019801990200020102015
United States31.623.326.030.722.724.3
China2.62.51.73.69.215.0
Japan6.29.013.714.68.65.9
Germany6.37.77.75.85.24.5
United Kingdom3.84.64.84.93.73.9
Others49.353.046.140.450.646.4
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

GDP per capita in top 5 countries, $
Area197019801990200020102015
United States5 136.012 468.023 649.036 355.048 291.056 054.0
China111.0312.0345.0957.04 524.08 109.0
Japan2 040.09 487.025 685.038 878.044 770.034 629.0
Germany2 744.012 113.022 353.023 810.042 483.041 686.0
United Kingdom2 350.010 049.019 142.027 781.038 741.044 162.0
World924.02 769.04 329.05 470.09 514.010 098.0
Picture. Structure of GDP by top 5 countries, 2015, %

Methodology of GDP

2.138 Basically, GDP derives from the concept of value added. Gross value added is the difference between output and intermediate consumption. GDP is the sum of gross value added of all resident producer units plus that part (possibly the total) of taxes on products, less subsidies on products, that is not included in the valuation of output.

2.139 Next, GDP is also equal to the sum of the final uses of goods and services (all uses except intermediate consumption) measured at purchasers’ prices, less the value of imports of goods and services.

2.140 Finally, GDP is also equal to the sum of primary incomes distributed by resident producer units.

GDP: expenditure approach

  • Final consumption expenditure
    • Household final consumption expenditure
    • Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs
    • Government final consumption expenditure
  • Gross capital formation
    • Gross fixed capital formation, total
    • Changes in inventories
    • Acquisitions less disposals of valuables
  • External balance of goods and services
    • Exports of goods and services
      • Exports of goods
      • Exports of services
    • Imports of goods and services
      • Imports of goods
      • Imports of services
  • Statistical discrepancy

18.60 The most aggregate level of the expenditure measure of GDP is household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation, exports of goods and services and imports of goods and services.

Source: The System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA)