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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USSR

GDP of USSR, 1970-1990

During 1970-1990 GDP of USSR in current prices increased by 349.9 billion US dollars (by 80.7%) to 783.3 billion US dollars; change occurred by 82.0 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 45.8 million, as well as by 267.9 billion US dollars by increasing of GDP per capita by 930.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR was 17.5 billion US dollars or 3.0%. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR in constant prices was 4.7%. Share in the world decreased by 9.3%. Share in Europe dropped by 22.4%. Minimal GDP was in 1970 (433.4 billion US dollars). Maximal GDP was in 1983 (993.0 billion US dollars).

During 1970-1990 GDP per capita in USSR grew by 930.0 US dollars (by 52%) to 2 719.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP per capita in current prices was 46.5 US dollars or 2.1%.

GDP of USSR, 1970-1983 (increase)

During 1970-1983 GDP of USSR in current prices increased by 559.6 billion US dollars (in 2.3 times) to 993.0 billion US dollars; change occurred by 52.9 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 29.6 million, as well as by 506.7 billion US dollars by increasing of GDP per capita by 1 864.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR was 43.0 billion US dollars or 6.6%. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR in constant prices was 5.0%. Share in the world fell by 5.0%. Share in Europe dropped by 9.3%.

During 1970-1983 GDP per capita in USSR grew by 1 864.0 US dollars (in 2.0 times) to 3 653.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP per capita in current prices was 143.4 US dollars or 5.6%.

GDP of USSR, 1983-1990 (decrease)

During 1983-1990 GDP of USSR in current prices reduced by 209.7 billion US dollars (by 21.1%) to 783.3 billion US dollars; change occurred by 59.3 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 16.2 million, as well as by -269.1 billion US dollars by decreasing of GDP per capita by 934.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR was -30.0 billion US dollars or -3.3%. The average annual growth of GDP of USSR in constant prices was 4.2%. Share in the world fell by 4.4%. Share in Europe declined by 13.0%.

During 1983-1990 GDP per capita in USSR rose by 934.0 US dollars (by 25.6%) to 2 719.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GDP per capita in current prices was -133.4 US dollars or -4.1%.

GDP of USSR, 1970

GDP of USSR in 1970 was worth 433.4 billion US dollars, ranked 2nd in the world. Share of USSR in the world GDP was 12.7%.

GDP per capita in USSR in 1970 was 1 789.0 US dollars, ranked 39th in the world and was on par with GDP per capita in Puerto Rico (1 884.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Libya (1 882.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Turks and Caicos Islands (1 735.9 US dollars), GDP per capita in Brunei Darussalam (1 734.0 US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in the World (924.0 US dollars) by 865.0 US dollars.

Comparison of GDP in USSR and the neighbors in 1970. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of Japan (211.5 billion US dollars), GDP of China (89.6 billion US dollars), GDP of India (59.6 billion US dollars), GDP of Poland (28.3 billion US dollars), GDP of Turkey (24.4 billion US dollars), GDP of Romania (12.7 billion US dollars), GDP of Finland (11.4 billion US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in Poland (862.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Turkey (703.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Romania (619.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in China (111.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in India (108.0 US dollars), but was less than GDP per capita in Finland (2 467.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Japan (2 040.0 US dollars).

Comparison of GDP in USSR and leaders in 1970. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of Germany (215.0 billion US dollars) in 2.0 times, GDP of Japan (211.5 billion US dollars) in 2.0 times, GDP of the United Kingdom (130.7 billion US dollars) in 3.3 times, GDP of China (89.6 billion US dollars) in 4.8 times, but was less than GDP of the United States (1 075.9 billion US dollars) in 2.5 times. GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in China (111.0 US dollars) in 16.1 times, but was less than GDP per capita in the United States (5 136.0 US dollars) in 2.9 times, GDP per capita in Germany (2 744.0 US dollars) by 53.4%, GDP per capita in the United Kingdom (2 350.0 US dollars) by 31.4%, GDP per capita in Japan (2 040.0 US dollars) by 14%.

Potential GDP of USSR in 1970. With GDP per capita at the level of the United States (5 136.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 1 244.3 billion US dollars, it is in 2.9 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Finland (2 467.0 US dollars), as the best neighbor, GDP of USSR would be 597.7 billion US dollars, it is by 37.9% more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Europe (1 965.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 476.1 billion US dollars, it is by 9.8% more than the actual level.

GDP of USSR, 1983

GDP of USSR in 1983 was equal to 993.0 billion US dollars, ranked 3rd in the world. Share of USSR in the world GDP was 7.8%.

GDP per capita in USSR in 1983 was equal to 3 653.0 US dollars, ranked 56th in the world and was on par with GDP per capita in Malta (3 645.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Iran (3 621.0 US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in the World (2 729.0 US dollars) by 924.0 US dollars.

Comparison of GDP in USSR and the neighbors in 1983. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of China (307.7 billion US dollars), GDP of India (212.9 billion US dollars), GDP of Turkey (82.9 billion US dollars), GDP of Poland (78.7 billion US dollars), GDP of Finland (51.0 billion US dollars), GDP of Romania (47.6 billion US dollars), but was less than GDP of Japan (1 232.3 billion US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in Poland (2 134.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Romania (2 077.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Turkey (1 761.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in China (302.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in India (285.0 US dollars), but was less than GDP per capita in Finland (10 511.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Japan (10 395.0 US dollars).

Comparison of GDP in USSR and leaders in 1983. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of Germany (767.8 billion US dollars) by 29.3%, GDP of the United Kingdom (489.6 billion US dollars) in 2.0 times, GDP of China (307.7 billion US dollars) in 3.2 times, but was less than GDP of the United States (3 638.1 billion US dollars) in 3.7 times, GDP of Japan (1 232.3 billion US dollars) by 24.1%. GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in China (302.0 US dollars) in 12.1 times, but was less than GDP per capita in the United States (15 405.0 US dollars) in 4.2 times, GDP per capita in Japan (10 395.0 US dollars) in 2.8 times, GDP per capita in Germany (9 887.0 US dollars) in 2.7 times, GDP per capita in the United Kingdom (8 699.0 US dollars) in 2.4 times.

Potential GDP of USSR in 1983. With GDP per capita at the level of the United States (15 405.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 4 187.8 billion US dollars, it is in 4.2 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Finland (10 511.0 US dollars), as the best neighbor, GDP of USSR would be 2 857.4 billion US dollars, it is in 2.9 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Europe (5 922.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 1 609.9 billion US dollars, it is by 62.1% more than the actual level.

GDP of USSR, 1990

GDP of USSR in 1990 was worth 783.3 billion US dollars, ranked 7th in the world. Share of USSR in the world GDP was 3.4%.

GDP per capita in USSR in 1990 was equal to 2 719.0 US dollars, ranked 86th in the world and was on par with GDP per capita in Dominica (2 794.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Lithuania (2 774.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Kosovo (2 731.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Cuba (2 707.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Brazil (2 706.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Botswana (2 697.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Chile (2 624.0 US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was less than GDP per capita in the World (4 329.0 US dollars) by 1 610.0 US dollars.

Comparison of GDP in USSR and the neighbors in 1990. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of China (398.6 billion US dollars), GDP of India (316.9 billion US dollars), GDP of Turkey (202.5 billion US dollars), GDP of Finland (141.5 billion US dollars), GDP of Poland (66.0 billion US dollars), GDP of Romania (40.6 billion US dollars), but was less than GDP of Japan (3 140.0 billion US dollars). GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in Romania (1 728.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Poland (1 727.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in India (364.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in China (345.0 US dollars), but was less than GDP per capita in Finland (28 380.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Japan (25 685.0 US dollars), GDP per capita in Turkey (3 751.0 US dollars).

Comparison of GDP in USSR and leaders in 1990. GDP of USSR was greater than GDP of China (398.6 billion US dollars) by 96.5%, but was less than GDP of the United States (5 979.6 billion US dollars) in 7.6 times, GDP of Japan (3 140.0 billion US dollars) in 4.0 times, GDP of Germany (1 764.9 billion US dollars) in 2.3 times, GDP of the United Kingdom (1 093.2 billion US dollars) by 39.6%. GDP per capita in USSR was greater than GDP per capita in China (345.0 US dollars) in 7.9 times, but was less than GDP per capita in Japan (25 685.0 US dollars) in 9.4 times, GDP per capita in the United States (23 649.0 US dollars) in 8.7 times, GDP per capita in Germany (22 353.0 US dollars) in 8.2 times, GDP per capita in the United Kingdom (19 142.0 US dollars) in 7.0 times.

Potential GDP of USSR in 1990. With GDP per capita at the level of Finland (28 380.0 US dollars), as the best neighbor, GDP of USSR would be 8 175.9 billion US dollars, it is in 10.4 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Japan (25 685.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 7 399.5 billion US dollars, it is in 9.4 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Europe (12 108.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 3 488.2 billion US dollars, it is in 4.5 times more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of the World (4 329.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 1 247.1 billion US dollars, it is by 59.2% more than the actual level. With GDP per capita at the level of Eastern Europe (2 932.0 US dollars), GDP of USSR would be 844.7 billion US dollars, it is by 7.8% more than the actual level.

Size of GDP in USSR

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USSR, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990
current prices433.4940.0783.3
constant prices1970433.4691.01 092.0
2005468.9747.61 181.4
Picture. USSR: GDP Picture. GDP: share of USSR in the world

GDP in USSR and its neighbors, bln. $
Country197019801990
Japan211.51 099.73 140.0
USSR433.4940.0783.3
China89.6305.3398.6
India59.6179.1316.9
Turkey24.492.5202.5
Finland11.453.7141.5
Poland28.359.166.0
Romania12.736.540.6

GDP in USSR and leaders, bln. $
Country197019801990
United States1 075.92 862.55 979.6
China89.6305.3398.6
Japan211.51 099.73 140.0
Germany215.0946.71 764.9
United Kingdom130.7565.01 093.2
USSR433.4940.0783.3

Growth of GDP in USSR

Picture. USSR: GDP, growth Picture. USSR: GDP, growth

GDP per capita in USSR

Picture. USSR: GDP per capita Picture. USSR: GDP per capita

GDP per capita in USSR and its neighbors, $
Country197019801990
Finland2 467.011 233.028 380.0
Japan2 040.09 487.025 685.0
Turkey703.02 106.03 751.0
USSR1 789.03 551.02 719.0
Romania619.01 613.01 728.0
Poland862.01 652.01 727.0
India108.0257.0364.0
China111.0312.0345.0

GDP per capita in USSR and leaders, $
Country197019801990
Japan2 040.09 487.025 685.0
United States5 136.012 468.023 649.0
Germany2 744.012 113.022 353.0
United Kingdom2 350.010 049.019 142.0
USSR1 789.03 551.02 719.0
China111.0312.0345.0

© Ivan Kushnir

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