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Gross national income (GNI) in Africa

GNI of Africa, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 GNI of Africa in current prices grew by 2 078.8 billion US dollars (in 20.4 times) to 2 185.9 billion US dollars; change occurred by 240.3 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 819.3 million, as well as by 1 838.5 billion US dollars by increasing of GNI per capita by 1 552.5 US dollars. The average annual growth of GNI of Africa was 46.2 billion US dollars or 6.9%. The average annual growth of GNI of Africa in constant prices was 3.4%. Share in the world reduced by 0.20%. Minimal GNI was in 1970 (107.1 billion US dollars). Maximal GNI was in 2014 (2 411.8 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 GNI per capita in Africa grew by 1 552.5 US dollars (in 6.3 times) to 1 845.9 US dollars. The average annual growth of GNI per capita in current prices was 34.5 US dollars or 4.2%.

Change of GNI of Africa described by linear regression model: y=41.2x-81 322.7, where y - estimated value of GNI of Africa, x - year. Correlation rate = 0.857. Determination rate = 0.734.

GNI of Africa, 1970

GNI of Africa in 1970 was equal to 107.1 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world GNI was 3.1%.

GNI per capita in Africa in 1970 was worth 293.4 US dollars. GNI per capita in Africa was less than GNI per capita in the World (926.1 US dollars) by 632.7 US dollars.

GNI of Africa in 1970 consisted of GNI of Nigeria (23.5%), GNI of South Africa (16.8%), GNI of Egypt (7.5%), GNI of Algeria (4.6%), GNI of D.R. of the Congo (4.4%), and others (43.2%).

GNI of Africa, 2015

GNI of Africa in 2015 was equal to 2 185.9 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world GNI was 2.9%.

GNI per capita in Africa in 2015 was 1 845.9 US dollars. GNI per capita in Africa was less than GNI per capita in the World (10 128.2 US dollars) by 8 282.3 US dollars.

GNI of Africa in 2015 consisted of GNI of Nigeria (21.7%), GNI of Egypt (14.2%), GNI of South Africa (14%), GNI of Algeria (7.4%), GNI of Angola (4.8%), and others (37.9%).

Size of GNI in Africa

Gross national income (GNI) in Africa, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices107.1549.4532.1630.11 873.52 185.9
constant prices1970107.1159.8196.9250.3416.2483.3
2005354.1528.6651.2827.91 376.81 598.5
Picture. Africa: GNI Picture. GNI: share of Africa in the world

Growth of GNI in Africa

Picture. Africa: GNI, growth Picture. Africa: GNI, growth

GNI per capita in Africa

Picture. Africa: GNI per capita Picture. Africa: GNI per capita

Rating of GNI in Africa

Rating of GNI in Africa, 2015
#Areabln. US dollars%
Africa2 185.9100
subregions
1Northern Africa744.234.0
2Western Africa619.328.3
3Southern Africa338.715.5
4Eastern Africa276.212.6
5Middle Africa207.59.5
countries
1 Nigeria475.121.7
2 Egypt310.814.2
3 South Africa306.714.0
4 Algeria160.77.4
5 Angola104.44.8
6 Morocco98.54.5
7 Sudan97.84.5
8 Kenya63.02.9
9 Tanzania44.92.1
10 Tunisia39.41.8
11 Libya36.91.7
12 Ghana35.71.6
13 Ethiopia35.31.6
14 D.R. of the Congo34.61.6
15 Côte d'Ivoire29.71.4
16 Cameroon28.01.3
17 Uganda24.61.1
18 Zambia20.20.92
19 Mozambique14.60.67
20 Botswana14.20.65
21 Senegal13.40.61
22 Zimbabwe13.10.60
23 Gabon12.90.59
24 Mali12.70.58
25 South Sudan12.10.55
26 Namibia11.50.53
27 Mauritius11.40.52
28 Burkina Faso10.90.50
29 Chad9.70.44
30 Madagascar9.40.43
31 Benin8.40.39
32 Congo8.40.38
33 Guinea8.20.38
34 Rwanda7.90.36
35 Equatorial Guinea7.60.35
36 Niger7.00.32
37 Malawi6.20.28
38 Mauritania4.80.22
39 Eritrea4.70.22
40 Sierra Leone4.50.20
41 Swaziland3.90.18
42 Togo3.70.17
43 Burundi2.70.12
44 Lesotho2.40.11
45 Djibouti1.90.085
46 Liberia1.80.081
47 Central African Republic1.60.071
48 Cabo Verde1.50.070
49 Seychelles1.30.059
50 Somalia1.30.058
51 Guinea-Bissau0.970.045
52 Gambia0.910.042
53 Comoros0.560.025
54 Sao Tome and Principe0.330.015
Picture. Africa: structure of GNI by subregions, 2015, % Picture. Africa: structure of GNI by leaders, 2015, %

© Ivan Kushnir

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