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Gross national income (GNI) in Ethiopia

GNI of Ethiopia, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 GNI of Ethiopia in current prices rose by 32.7 billion US dollars (in 13.9 times) to 35.3 billion US dollars; change occurred by 5.8 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 69.3 million, as well as by 26.9 billion US dollars by increasing of GNI per capita by 271.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of GNI of Ethiopia was 0.73 billion US dollars or 6.0%. The average annual growth of GNI of Ethiopia in constant prices was 3.2%. Share in the world decreased by 0.027%. Share in Africa decreased by 0.75%. Minimal GNI was in 1970 (2.5 billion US dollars). Maximal GNI was in 2012 (41.5 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 GNI per capita in Ethiopia rose by 271.0 US dollars (in 4.2 times) to 355.1 US dollars. The average annual growth of GNI per capita in current prices was 6.0 US dollars or 3.3%.

GNI of Ethiopia, 1970

GNI of Ethiopia in 1970 was 2.5 billion US dollars, ranked 68th in the world and was on par with GNI of Kuwait (2.6 bln. US dollars), GNI of Uruguay (2.5 bln. US dollars), GNI of Tanzania (2.4 bln. US dollars), GNI of Sri Lanka (2.4 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world GNI was 0.074%.

GNI per capita in Ethiopia in 1970 was worth 84.1 US dollars, ranked 177th in the world and was on par with GNI per capita in Indonesia (89.4 US dollars), GNI per capita in Sudan (88.6 US dollars), GNI per capita in Nepal (87.0 US dollars), GNI per capita in Yemen (83.0 US dollars), GNI per capita in Burkina Faso (80.2 US dollars). GNI per capita in Ethiopia was less than GNI per capita in the World (926.1 US dollars) by 842.0 US dollars.

Comparison of GNI in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 1970. GNI of Ethiopia was greater than GNI of Sudan (1.2 billion US dollars), GNI of Somalia (0.3 billion US dollars), GNI of Djibouti (0.1 billion US dollars), but was less than GNI of Kenya (2.8 billion US dollars). GNI per capita in Ethiopia was less than GNI per capita in Djibouti (369.0 US dollars), GNI per capita in Kenya (247.0 US dollars), GNI per capita in Somalia (92.0 US dollars), GNI per capita in Sudan (88.6 US dollars).

Comparison of GNI in Ethiopia and leaders in 1970. GNI of Ethiopia was less than GNI of the United States (1 076.9 billion US dollars) in 425.3 times, GNI of Germany (217.3 billion US dollars) in 85.8 times, GNI of Japan (211.2 billion US dollars) in 83.4 times, GNI of the United Kingdom (139.2 billion US dollars) in 55.0 times, GNI of China (91.8 billion US dollars) in 36.2 times. GNI per capita in Ethiopia was less than GNI per capita in the United States (5 140.8 US dollars) in 61.1 times, GNI per capita in Germany (2 773.0 US dollars) in 33.0 times, GNI per capita in the United Kingdom (2 503.7 US dollars) in 29.8 times, GNI per capita in Japan (2 037.3 US dollars) in 24.2 times, GNI per capita in China (113.6 US dollars) by 35.1%.

Potential GNI of Ethiopia in 1970. With GNI per capita at the level of the United States (5 140.8 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 154.8 billion US dollars, it is in 61.1 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of the World (926.1 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 27.9 billion US dollars, it is in 11.0 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Djibouti (369.0 US dollars), as the best neighbor, GNI of Ethiopia would be 11.1 billion US dollars, it is in 4.4 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Africa (293.4 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 8.8 billion US dollars, it is in 3.5 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (176.8 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 5.3 billion US dollars, it is in 2.1 times more than the actual level.

GNI of Ethiopia, 2015

GNI of Ethiopia in 2015 was equal to 35.3 billion US dollars, ranked 93rd in the world and was on par with GNI of Jordan (37.1 bln. US dollars), GNI of Libya (36.9 bln. US dollars), GNI of Turkmenistan (35.9 bln. US dollars), GNI of Ghana (35.7 bln. US dollars), GNI of Serbia (35.3 bln. US dollars), GNI of D.R. of the Congo (34.6 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world GNI was 0.047%.

GNI per capita in Ethiopia in 2015 was 355.1 US dollars, ranked 207th in the world and was on par with GNI per capita in Malawi (360.7 US dollars), GNI per capita in Niger (352.8 US dollars). GNI per capita in Ethiopia was less than GNI per capita in the World (10 128.2 US dollars) by 9 773.1 US dollars.

Comparison of GNI in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 2015. GNI of Ethiopia was greater than GNI of Eritrea (4.7 billion US dollars), GNI of Djibouti (1.9 billion US dollars), GNI of Somalia (1.3 billion US dollars), but was less than GNI of Sudan (97.8 billion US dollars), GNI of Kenya (63.0 billion US dollars). GNI per capita in Ethiopia was greater than GNI per capita in Somalia (119.0 US dollars), but was less than GNI per capita in Sudan (2 432.3 US dollars), GNI per capita in Djibouti (2 088.4 US dollars), GNI per capita in Kenya (1 367.3 US dollars), GNI per capita in Eritrea (906.7 US dollars).

Comparison of GNI in Ethiopia and leaders in 2015. GNI of Ethiopia was less than GNI of the United States (18 496.0 billion US dollars) in 524.3 times, GNI of China (11 172.6 billion US dollars) in 316.7 times, GNI of Japan (4 549.0 billion US dollars) in 128.9 times, GNI of Germany (3 436.8 billion US dollars) in 97.4 times, GNI of the United Kingdom (2 801.7 billion US dollars) in 79.4 times. GNI per capita in Ethiopia was less than GNI per capita in the United States (57 481.7 US dollars) in 161.9 times, GNI per capita in the United Kingdom (43 291.4 US dollars) in 121.9 times, GNI per capita in Germany (42 593.4 US dollars) in 120.0 times, GNI per capita in Japan (35 939.5 US dollars) in 101.2 times, GNI per capita in China (8 119.3 US dollars) in 22.9 times.

Potential GNI of Ethiopia in 2015. With GNI per capita at the level of the United States (57 481.7 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 5 711.6 billion US dollars, it is in 161.9 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of the World (10 128.2 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 1 006.4 billion US dollars, it is in 28.5 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Sudan (2 432.3 US dollars), as the best neighbor, GNI of Ethiopia would be 241.7 billion US dollars, it is in 6.9 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Africa (1 845.9 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 183.4 billion US dollars, it is in 5.2 times more than the actual level. With GNI per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (702.4 US dollars), GNI of Ethiopia would be 69.8 billion US dollars, it is by 97.8% more than the actual level.

Size of GNI in Ethiopia

Gross national income (GNI) in Ethiopia, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices2.55.912.28.026.335.3
constant prices19702.53.34.14.710.810.5
20054.86.27.88.920.319.7
Picture. Ethiopia: GNI

GNI in Ethiopia and its neighbors, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
Sudan1.26.311.612.567.297.8
Kenya2.811.613.714.339.863.0
Ethiopia2.55.912.28.026.335.3
Eritrea0.712.14.7
Djibouti0.0590.270.460.571.11.9
Somalia0.320.570.932.01.01.3

GNI in Ethiopia and leaders, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States1 076.92 852.85 922.910 421.315 121.118 496.0
China91.8305.3399.71 200.26 040.411 172.6
Japan211.21 100.23 161.84 957.35 847.34 549.0
Germany217.3955.81 793.81 937.03 484.43 436.8
United Kingdom139.2590.21 097.01 646.42 460.92 801.7
Ethiopia2.55.912.28.026.335.3

Growth of GNI in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: GNI, growth Picture. Ethiopia: GNI, growth

GNI per capita in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: GNI per capita Picture. Ethiopia: GNI per capita

GNI per capita in Ethiopia and its neighbors, $
Country197019801990200020102015
Sudan88.6330.6450.5360.51 456.22 432.3
Djibouti369.0750.5788.0791.01 370.92 088.4
Kenya247.0715.8585.1461.1987.41 367.3
Eritrea200.1446.8906.7
Ethiopia84.1156.7237.1120.6299.4355.1
Somalia92.094.0147.1266.7107.5119.0

GNI per capita in Ethiopia and leaders, $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States5 140.812 425.823 424.836 837.448 796.957 481.7
United Kingdom2 503.710 498.019 209.027 967.639 238.643 291.4
Germany2 773.012 228.422 718.323 651.843 320.042 593.4
Japan2 037.39 491.525 863.239 433.445 926.535 939.5
China113.6312.0345.9945.44 504.78 119.3
Ethiopia84.1156.7237.1120.6299.4355.1

© Ivan Kushnir

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