IvanStat

Gross national income (GNI)

GNI in the world regions

GNI in the world regions, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa107.1549.4532.1630.11 873.52 185.9
Americas1 342.73 876.17 649.113 319.721 863.025 258.9
Asia507.02 511.55 586.19 477.220 856.226 689.3
Europe1 397.75 138.98 718.39 674.019 846.818 863.4
Oceania53.2204.1367.4464.71 415.91 420.8
World3 407.612 279.922 853.033 565.765 855.474 418.2

GNI in the world regions, % in the world GNI
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa3.14.52.31.92.82.9
Americas39.431.633.539.733.233.9
Asia14.920.524.428.231.735.9
Europe41.041.838.128.830.125.3
Oceania1.61.71.61.42.21.9
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

GNI per capita in the world regions, $
Area197019801990200020102015
Africa293.41 151.4844.0775.61 796.81 845.9
Americas2 587.96 267.410 527.915 865.723 190.825 489.7
Asia244.8977.81 744.02 551.75 002.36 074.9
Europe1 986.16 847.012 096.213 288.526 922.525 479.6
Oceania2 719.68 949.113 743.015 102.139 194.236 397.7
World926.12 768.34 306.65 479.29 506.010 128.2
Picture. Structure of GNI by the world regions, 2015, %

Gross national income (GNI) per capita

Average rates of GNI per capita in the world, $
average197019801990200020102015
average of above-average2 753.88 309.919 997.025 104.731 101.438 844.9
average926.12 768.34 306.65 479.29 506.010 128.2
average of below-average211.1612.11 055.61 047.62 835.44 203.9
Picture. GNI per capita in the world

Kushnir's square in GNI

Kushnir's square (GNI, 2015)size (share in the world GNI)Total
< 0.1%0.1-1%1-10%10+%
Small economiesAverages economiesRegional leadersGlobal leaders
quality (GNI per capita, times global average)3.8+High developed 43.9%
1-3.8Developed  21.1%
0.42-1Developing 25.6%
< 0.42Least developed  8.7%
Total3.2%18.4%37.9%39.9%100%

GNI in top 5 countries

GNI in top 5 countries, bln. $
Area197019801990200020102015
United States1 076.92 852.85 922.910 421.315 121.118 496.0
China91.8305.3399.71 200.26 040.411 172.6
Japan211.21 100.23 161.84 957.35 847.34 549.0
Germany217.3955.81 793.81 937.03 484.43 436.8
United Kingdom139.2590.21 097.01 646.42 460.92 801.7
World3 407.612 279.922 853.033 565.765 855.474 418.2

GNI in top 5 countries, % in the world GNI
Area197019801990200020102015
United States31.623.225.931.023.024.9
China2.72.51.73.69.215.0
Japan6.29.013.814.88.96.1
Germany6.47.87.85.85.34.6
United Kingdom4.14.84.84.93.73.8
Others49.052.745.839.950.045.6
World100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

GNI per capita in top 5 countries, $
Area197019801990200020102015
United States5 140.812 425.823 424.836 837.448 796.957 481.7
China113.6312.0345.9945.44 504.78 119.3
Japan2 037.39 491.525 863.239 433.445 926.535 939.5
Germany2 773.012 228.422 718.323 651.843 320.042 593.4
United Kingdom2 503.710 498.019 209.027 967.639 238.643 291.4
World926.12 768.34 306.65 479.29 506.010 128.2
Picture. Structure of GNI by top 5 countries, 2015, %

Methodology of GNI

2.143 Primary incomes generated in the production activity of resident producer units are distributed mostly to other resident institutional units; however, part of them may go to non-resident units. Symmetrically, some primary incomes generated in the rest of the world may come from resident units. This leads to the definition and measurement of gross national income (GNI). GNI is equal to GDP less primary incomes payable to non-resident units plus primary incomes receivable from non-resident units. In other words, GNI is equal to GDP less taxes (less subsidies) on production and imports, compensation of employees and property income payable to the rest of the world plus the corresponding items receivable from the rest of the world. Thus GNI is the sum of gross primary incomes receivable by resident institutional units or sectors. In contrast to GDP, GNI is not a concept of value added, but a concept of income.

Source: The System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA)