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Household consumption expenditure in Africa

Household expenditure of Africa, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 household expenditure of Africa in current prices increased by 1 484.5 billion US dollars (in 24.9 times) to 1 546.5 billion US dollars; change occurred by 139.2 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 819.3 million, as well as by 1 345.3 billion US dollars by increasing of household expenditure per capita by 1 136.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of household expenditure of Africa was 33.0 billion US dollars or 7.4%. The average annual growth of household expenditure of Africa in constant prices was 3.6%. Share in the world increased by 0.45%. Minimal household expenditure was in 1970 (62.0 billion US dollars). Maximal household expenditure was in 2014 (1 611.8 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 household expenditure per capita in Africa rose by 1 136.0 US dollars (in 7.7 times) to 1 306.0 US dollars. The average annual growth of household expenditure per capita in current prices was 25.2 US dollars or 4.6%.

Change of household expenditure of Africa described by linear regression model: y=27.5x-54 216.0, where y - estimated value of household expenditure of Africa, x - year. Correlation rate = 0.874. Determination rate = 0.763.

Household expenditure of Africa, 1970

Household expenditure of Africa in 1970 was equal to 62.0 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world household expenditure was 3.2%.

Household expenditure per capita in Africa in 1970 was equal to 169.9 US dollars. Household expenditure per capita in Africa was less than household expenditure per capita in the World (531.2 US dollars) by 361.3 US dollars.

Household expenditure of Africa in 1970 consisted of household expenditure of South Africa (17.7%), household expenditure of Nigeria (14.9%), household expenditure of Egypt (8.6%), household expenditure of Mozambique (5.1%), household expenditure of Morocco (5.1%), and others (48.6%).

Household expenditure of Africa, 2015

Household expenditure of Africa in 2015 was worth 1 546.5 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world household expenditure was 3.6%.

Household expenditure per capita in Africa in 2015 was equal to 1 306.0 US dollars. Household expenditure per capita in Africa was less than household expenditure per capita in the World (5 813.3 US dollars) by 4 507.4 US dollars.

Household expenditure of Africa in 2015 consisted of household expenditure of Nigeria (24.9%), household expenditure of Egypt (16.8%), household expenditure of South Africa (12.3%), household expenditure of Sudan (4.8%), household expenditure of Algeria (4.4%), and others (36.8%).

Size of household expenditure in Africa

Household consumption expenditure in Africa, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices62.0271.7333.4406.81 151.91 546.5
constant prices197062.088.1119.3151.0251.7308.4
2005229.0325.5440.7557.6929.61 139.0
Picture. Africa: household expenditure Picture. Household expenditure: share of Africa in the world

Growth of household expenditure in Africa

Picture. Africa: household expenditure, growth Picture. Africa: household expenditure, growth

household expenditure per capita in Africa

Picture. Africa: household expenditure per capita Picture. Africa: household expenditure per capita

Rating of household expenditure in Africa

Rating of household expenditure in Africa, 2015
#Areabln. US dollars%
Africa1 546.5100
subregions
1Northern Africa512.033.1
2Western Africa489.931.7
3Eastern Africa222.114.4
4Southern Africa208.413.5
5Middle Africa114.17.4
countries
1 Nigeria385.624.9
2 Egypt259.816.8
3 South Africa189.512.3
4 Sudan74.44.8
5 Algeria68.14.4
6 Morocco60.43.9
7 Kenya50.33.3
8 Angola44.22.9
9 Ethiopia41.52.7
10 Tunisia30.32.0
11 Tanzania27.91.8
12 D.R. of the Congo26.61.7
13 Ghana24.71.6
14 Cameroon22.21.4
15 Côte d'Ivoire19.71.3
16 Uganda19.31.2
17 Libya19.11.2
18 South Sudan12.10.78
19 Zimbabwe11.70.76
20 Senegal10.50.68
21 Zambia10.40.67
22 Mozambique10.00.65
23 Mali9.60.62
24 Mauritius8.50.55
25 Madagascar8.40.54
26 Guinea8.00.51
27 Chad7.50.49
28 Namibia7.20.46
29 Botswana7.10.46
30 Rwanda6.50.42
31 Burkina Faso6.20.40
32 Benin5.70.37
33 Gabon5.20.34
34 Malawi5.10.33
35 Niger4.80.31
36 Sierra Leone4.30.28
37 Eritrea3.80.25
38 Equatorial Guinea3.60.24
39 Togo3.10.20
40 Swaziland2.90.19
41 Congo2.90.19
42 Mauritania2.60.17
43 Burundi2.50.16
44 Liberia2.50.16
45 Lesotho1.80.11
46 Central African Republic1.60.10
47 Djibouti1.20.075
48 Cabo Verde1.00.066
49 Somalia0.970.063
50 Gambia0.860.055
51 Guinea-Bissau0.800.052
52 Seychelles0.650.042
53 Comoros0.580.037
54 Sao Tome and Principe0.290.019
Picture. Africa: structure of household expenditure by subregions, 2015, % Picture. Africa: structure of household expenditure by leaders, 2015, %

© Ivan Kushnir

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