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Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels in Ethiopia

Trade of Ethiopia, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 trade of Ethiopia in current prices increased by 10.7 billion US dollars (in 54.0 times) to 10.9 billion US dollars; change occurred by 0.46 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 69.3 million, as well as by 10.2 billion US dollars by increasing of trade per capita by 102.6 US dollars. The average annual growth of trade of Ethiopia was 0.24 billion US dollars or 9.3%. The average annual growth of trade of Ethiopia in constant prices was 5.8%. Share in the world rose by 0.064%. Share in Africa grew by 1.8%. Minimal trade was in 1970 (0.20 billion US dollars). Maximal trade was in 2015 (10.9 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 trade per capita in Ethiopia rose by 102.6 US dollars (in 16.4 times) to 109.3 US dollars. The average annual growth of trade per capita in current prices was 2.3 US dollars or 6.4%.

Trade of Ethiopia, 1970

Trade of Ethiopia in 1970 was 0.20 billion US dollars, ranked 81st in the world and was on par with trade of Albania (0.21 bln. US dollars), trade of Panama (0.20 bln. US dollars), trade of Ghana (0.20 bln. US dollars), trade of Uganda (0.20 bln. US dollars), trade of Sudan (0.20 bln. US dollars), trade of Senegal (0.19 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world trade was 0.044%.

Trade per capita in Ethiopia in 1970 was worth 6.7 US dollars, ranked 176th in the world and was on par with trade per capita in Laos (6.7 US dollars), trade per capita in Mauritania (6.4 US dollars), trade per capita in Oman (6.4 US dollars). Trade per capita in Ethiopia was less than trade per capita in the World (123.7 US dollars) by 117.0 US dollars.

Comparison of trade in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 1970. Trade of Ethiopia was greater than trade of Sudan (0.2 billion US dollars), trade of Kenya (0.1 billion US dollars), trade of Somalia (0.0 billion US dollars), trade of Djibouti (0.0 billion US dollars). Trade per capita in Ethiopia was less than trade per capita in Djibouti (169.5 US dollars), trade per capita in Sudan (14.2 US dollars), trade per capita in Kenya (12.5 US dollars), trade per capita in Somalia (8.5 US dollars).

Comparison of trade in Ethiopia and leaders in 1970. Trade of Ethiopia was less than trade of the United States (176.5 billion US dollars) in 877.3 times, trade of Japan (28.8 billion US dollars) in 143.4 times, trade of Germany (27.5 billion US dollars) in 136.9 times, trade of the United Kingdom (18.8 billion US dollars) in 93.6 times, trade of China (7.7 billion US dollars) in 38.3 times. Trade per capita in Ethiopia was less than trade per capita in the United States (842.3 US dollars) in 126.1 times, trade per capita in Germany (351.4 US dollars) in 52.6 times, trade per capita in the United Kingdom (338.5 US dollars) in 50.7 times, trade per capita in Japan (278.1 US dollars) in 41.6 times, trade per capita in China (9.5 US dollars) by 42.8%.

Potential trade of Ethiopia in 1970. With trade per capita at the level of the United States (842.3 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 25.4 billion US dollars, it is in 126.1 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Djibouti (169.5 US dollars), as the best neighbor, trade of Ethiopia would be 5.1 billion US dollars, it is in 25.4 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of the World (123.7 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 3.7 billion US dollars, it is in 18.5 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Africa (36.6 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 1.1 billion US dollars, it is in 5.5 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (18.0 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 0.54 billion US dollars, it is in 2.7 times more than the actual level.

Trade of Ethiopia, 2015

Trade of Ethiopia in 2015 was worth 10.9 billion US dollars, ranked 68th in the world and was on par with trade of Dominican Republic (11.2 bln. US dollars), trade of Slovakia (11.0 bln. US dollars), trade of Morocco (10.9 bln. US dollars). Share of Ethiopia in the world trade was 0.11%.

Trade per capita in Ethiopia in 2015 was 109.3 US dollars, ranked 185th in the world and was on par with trade per capita in Kenya (114.5 US dollars), trade per capita in Nepal (112.5 US dollars), trade per capita in Guinea-Bissau (107.5 US dollars), trade per capita in Uganda (103.3 US dollars), trade per capita in Tanzania (103.0 US dollars). Trade per capita in Ethiopia was less than trade per capita in the World (1 360.4 US dollars) by 1 251.1 US dollars.

Comparison of trade in Ethiopia and the neighbors in 2015. Trade of Ethiopia was greater than trade of Kenya (5.3 billion US dollars), trade of Eritrea (0.9 billion US dollars), trade of Djibouti (0.3 billion US dollars), trade of Somalia (0.1 billion US dollars), but was less than trade of Sudan (14.8 billion US dollars). Trade per capita in Ethiopia was greater than trade per capita in Somalia (11.6 US dollars), but was less than trade per capita in Sudan (367.8 US dollars), trade per capita in Djibouti (330.2 US dollars), trade per capita in Eritrea (170.1 US dollars), trade per capita in Kenya (114.5 US dollars).

Comparison of trade in Ethiopia and leaders in 2015. Trade of Ethiopia was less than trade of the United States (2 674.2 billion US dollars) in 246.2 times, trade of China (1 258.3 billion US dollars) in 115.8 times, trade of Japan (623.6 billion US dollars) in 57.4 times, trade of the United Kingdom (354.7 billion US dollars) in 32.7 times, trade of Germany (343.6 billion US dollars) in 31.6 times. Trade per capita in Ethiopia was less than trade per capita in the United States (8 310.8 US dollars) in 76.0 times, trade per capita in the United Kingdom (5 481.2 US dollars) in 50.1 times, trade per capita in Japan (4 926.4 US dollars) in 45.1 times, trade per capita in Germany (4 258.2 US dollars) in 39.0 times, trade per capita in China (914.5 US dollars) in 8.4 times.

Potential trade of Ethiopia in 2015. With trade per capita at the level of the United States (8 310.8 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 825.8 billion US dollars, it is in 76.0 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of the World (1 360.4 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 135.2 billion US dollars, it is in 12.4 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Sudan (367.8 US dollars), as the best neighbor, trade of Ethiopia would be 36.5 billion US dollars, it is in 3.4 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Africa (276.3 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 27.5 billion US dollars, it is in 2.5 times more than the actual level. With trade per capita at the level of Eastern Africa (110.8 US dollars), trade of Ethiopia would be 11.0 billion US dollars, it is by 1.4% more than the actual level.

Size of trade in Ethiopia

Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels in Ethiopia, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices0.200.560.751.14.710.9
constant prices19700.200.250.300.501.42.6
20050.500.610.741.23.46.3
Picture. Ethiopia: trade

trade in Ethiopia and its neighbors, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
Sudan0.200.942.82.210.114.8
Ethiopia0.200.560.751.14.710.9
Kenya0.140.570.711.23.75.3
Eritrea0.130.380.89
Djibouti0.0270.0570.0710.0800.190.29
Somalia0.0290.0520.0920.200.100.12

trade in Ethiopia and leaders, bln. $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States176.5455.1908.11 607.42 133.52 674.2
China7.716.132.8124.5644.21 258.3
Japan28.8159.9397.2661.4779.2623.6
United Kingdom18.875.5151.0206.3300.9354.7
Germany27.5116.5207.3207.7347.9343.6
Ethiopia0.200.560.751.14.710.9
Picture. Ethiopia: share of trade in economy

Growth of trade in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: trade, growth Picture. Ethiopia: trade, growth

trade per capita in Ethiopia

Picture. Ethiopia: trade per capita Picture. Ethiopia: trade per capita

trade per capita in Ethiopia and its neighbors, $
Country197019801990200020102015
Sudan14.249.1109.962.8219.6367.8
Djibouti169.5158.8121.1110.0231.3330.2
Eritrea36.681.5170.1
Kenya12.534.830.239.291.7114.5
Ethiopia6.715.014.716.854.1109.3
Somalia8.58.514.526.810.511.6

trade per capita in Ethiopia and leaders, $
Country197019801990200020102015
United States842.31 982.23 591.35 681.96 884.98 310.8
United Kingdom338.51 343.52 643.33 504.84 798.05 481.2
Japan278.11 379.83 248.95 261.56 119.94 926.4
Germany351.41 489.92 625.12 535.74 324.74 258.2
China9.516.428.498.1480.4914.5
Ethiopia6.715.014.716.854.1109.3

© Ivan Kushnir

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