Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels

Trade in the world regions

Trade in the world regions, bln. $
Americas219.3611.61 151.62 009.13 067.43 693.5
Asia58.8296.2707.21 245.22 614.03 395.3
Europe157.4664.81 118.51 266.62 582.72 419.6
World455.11 656.43 100.54 667.48 683.89 995.6

Trade in the world regions, % in the world trade

Trade per capita in the world regions, $
Americas422.7988.91 585.02 393.23 253.73 727.2
Europe223.7885.81 551.91 739.93 503.43 268.2
Oceania313.9929.51 773.21 867.74 521.34 100.2
World123.7373.4584.3761.91 253.51 360.4
Picture. Structure of trade by the world regions, 2015, %

Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels per capita

Average rates of trade per capita in the world, $
average of above-average377.61 219.62 559.53 499.73 891.04 477.7
average123.7373.4584.3761.91 253.51 360.4
average of below-average23.173.8108.3134.4326.6502.8
Picture. Trade per capita in the world

Kushnir's square in trade

Kushnir's square (trade, 2015)size (share in the world trade)Total
< 0.1%0.1-1%1-10%10+%
Small economiesAverages economiesRegional leadersGlobal leaders
quality (trade per capita, times global average)3.3+High developed 46.7%
1-3.3Developed  23.5%
0.37-1Developing 23%
< 0.37Least developed  5.8%

Trade in top 5 countries

Trade in top 5 countries, bln. $
United States176.5455.1908.11 607.42 133.52 674.2
China7.716.132.8124.5644.21 258.3
United Kingdom18.875.5151.0206.3300.9354.7
World455.11 656.43 100.54 667.48 683.89 995.6

Trade in top 5 countries, % in the world trade
United States38.827.529.334.424.626.8
United Kingdom4.

Trade per capita in top 5 countries, $
United States842.31 982.23 591.35 681.96 884.98 310.8
Japan278.11 379.83 248.95 261.56 119.94 926.4
United Kingdom338.51 343.52 643.33 504.84 798.05 481.2
Germany351.41 489.92 625.12 535.74 324.74 258.2
World123.7373.4584.3761.91 253.51 360.4
Picture. Structure of trade by top 5 countries, 2015, %

Methodology of trade

G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods

This section includes wholesale and retail sale (sale without transformation) of any type of goods, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. Wholesaling and retailing are the final steps in the distribution of merchandise. Also included in this section are the repair of motor vehicles and the installation and repair of personal and household goods.

Sale without transformation is considered to include the usual operations (or manipulations) associated with trade, for example sorting, grading and assembling of goods, mixing (blending) of goods (for example wine or sand), bottling (with or without preceding bottle cleaning), packing, breaking bulk and repacking for distribution in smaller lots, storage (whether or not frozen or chilled), cleaning and drying of agricultural products, cutting out of wood fibreboards or metal sheets on own account.

Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such persons or companies. The principal types of businesses included are merchant wholesalers, i.e. wholesalers who take title to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, industrial distributors, exporters, importers, and cooperative buying associations, sales branches and sales offices (but not retail stores) that are maintained by manufacturing or mining units apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products and that do not merely take orders to be filled by direct shipments from the plants or mines. Also included are merchandise and commodity brokers, commission merchants and agents and assemblers, buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products. Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots, for example pharmaceuticals; store, refrigerate, deliver and install goods, engage in sales promotion for their customers and label design.

Retailing is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives, auction houses etc. Most retailers take title to the goods they sell, but some act as agents for a principal and sell either on consignment or on a commission basis.

H - Hotels and restaurants

The sector comprises units providing customers with short-term lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The section includes both accommodation and food services because the two activities are often combined at the same unit.

There may be some overlap between activities in section H. A restaurant activity is a specific activity, but may also be implicitly included in lodging.

Lodging units provide lodging or short-term accommodations for travellers, vacationers and others. There is a wide range of units. Some provide lodging only; while others provide meals and recreational facilities, as well as lodging. The type of complementary services provided may vary from unit to unit.

Units belonging to the restaurant group provide complete meals fit for immediate consumption. Those units can be traditional restaurants, self-service or takeaway restaurants as well as permanent or temporary fish-and-chips stands and the like with or without seating. What is decisive is the fact that meals fit for immediate consumption are offered, not the kind of facility providing them. Excluded is the production of meals not fit for immediate consumption, of meals not planned to be consumed immediately and of prepared food that is not considered to be a meal (see division 15). Also excluded is the sale of not self-manufactured food that is not considered to be a meal and of meals that are not fit for immediate consumption (see section G).

Source: International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities. ISIC Rev. 3.1

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