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Transport, storage and communication in Africa

Transports of Africa, 1970-2015

During 1970-2015 transports of Africa in current prices grew by 198.4 billion US dollars (in 23.0 times) to 207.4 billion US dollars; change occurred by 20.2 billion US dollars by increasing of people by 819.3 million, as well as by 178.1 billion US dollars by increasing of transports per capita by 150.4 US dollars. The average annual growth of transports of Africa was 4.4 billion US dollars or 7.2%. The average annual growth of transports of Africa in constant prices was 5.4%. Share in the world fell by 0.071%. Minimal transports were in 1970 (9.0 billion US dollars). Maximal transports were in 2014 (223.0 billion US dollars).

During 1970-2015 transports per capita in Africa rose by 150.4 US dollars (in 7.1 times) to 175.1 US dollars. The average annual growth of transports per capita in current prices was 3.3 US dollars or 4.4%.

Change of transports of Africa described by linear regression model: y=3.8x-7 425.9, where y - estimated value of transports of Africa, x - year. Correlation rate = 0.847. Determination rate = 0.718.

Transports of Africa, 1970

Transports of Africa in 1970 were 9.0 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world transports were 3.5%.

Transports per capita in Africa in 1970 were 24.7 US dollars. Transports per capita in Africa were less than transports per capita in the World (69.5 US dollars) by 44.8 US dollars.

Transports of Africa in 1970 consisted of transports of Nigeria (35.6%), transports of South Africa (19.8%), transports of Ghana (5.9%), transports of D.R. of the Congo (4.3%), transports of Egypt (3.2%), and others (31.2%).

Transports of Africa, 2015

Transports of Africa in 2015 were worth 207.4 billion US dollars. Share of Africa in the world transports were 3.5%.

Transports per capita in Africa in 2015 were worth 175.1 US dollars. Transports per capita in Africa were less than transports per capita in the World (817.1 US dollars) by 642.0 US dollars.

Transports of Africa in 2015 consisted of transports of Nigeria (30.4%), transports of South Africa (13.9%), transports of Egypt (11.8%), transports of Algeria (8%), transports of Sudan (4.9%), and others (31%).

Size of transports in Africa

Transport, storage and communication in Africa, bln. US dollars
Prices197019801990200020102015
current prices9.052.739.653.8168.8207.4
constant prices19709.016.320.229.775.195.0
200519.535.343.664.1162.2205.3
Picture. Africa: transports Picture. Transports: share of Africa in the world Picture. Africa: share of transports in economy

Growth of transports in Africa

Picture. Africa: transports, growth Picture. Africa: transports, growth

transports per capita in Africa

Picture. Africa: transports per capita Picture. Africa: transports per capita

Rating of transports in Africa

Rating of transports in Africa, 2015
#Areabln. US dollars%
Africa207.4100
subregions
1Western Africa76.436.8
2Northern Africa62.930.3
3Southern Africa30.614.7
4Eastern Africa23.911.5
5Middle Africa13.66.6
countries
1 Nigeria63.130.4
2 South Africa28.813.9
3 Egypt24.411.8
4 Algeria16.58.0
5 Sudan10.14.9
6 Morocco6.23.0
7 Kenya5.92.9
8 Angola5.42.6
9 Ghana5.02.4
10 Tunisia4.72.3
11 D.R. of the Congo4.01.9
12 Tanzania2.81.4
13 Côte d'Ivoire2.81.4
14 Ethiopia2.61.2
15 Madagascar2.31.1
16 Cameroon2.00.96
17 Uganda1.60.78
18 Mozambique1.60.76
19 Zimbabwe1.50.70
20 Senegal1.40.69
21 Zambia1.30.62
22 Mauritius1.00.50
23 Libya0.960.46
24 Benin0.890.43
25 Botswana0.850.41
26 South Sudan0.840.40
27 Gabon0.730.35
28 Mali0.720.34
29 Equatorial Guinea0.610.29
30 Eritrea0.570.27
31 Namibia0.560.27
32 Congo0.490.24
33 Niger0.460.22
34 Rwanda0.450.22
35 Burkina Faso0.450.22
36 Djibouti0.440.21
37 Malawi0.410.20
38 Guinea0.390.19
39 Chad0.330.16
40 Mauritania0.290.14
41 Cabo Verde0.210.10
42 Togo0.200.099
43 Seychelles0.200.098
44 Swaziland0.180.088
45 Sierra Leone0.180.086
46 Gambia0.140.067
47 Burundi0.120.060
48 Lesotho0.120.059
49 Liberia0.110.054
50 Somalia0.110.053
51 Central African Republic0.0550.026
52 Guinea-Bissau0.0500.024
53 Sao Tome and Principe0.0360.017
54 Comoros0.0250.012
Picture. Africa: structure of transports by subregions, 2015, % Picture. Africa: structure of transports by leaders, 2015, %

© Ivan Kushnir

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